Inference questions test your ability to follow the logical flow of an argument and to determine what logically follows from the information provided. In an inference question, the right answer is something that must be true or is very likely to be true based upon the statements in the prompt. The prompt in an inference question will be made up of facts and information, not the authorâ€™s opinion or argument.
A test taker can expect to see between six and eight inference questions across both Logical Reasoning sections in a given test. Inference questions also frequently appear on the Reading Comprehension section.
If the new television show is popular among teenagers, then we should stream reruns of it over the internet. If it is popular among older adults, we should sell reruns of it into syndication. Furthermore, the show is sure to be popular either with teenagers or with older adults.
If the statements above are true, which one of the following must also be true?
(A) We should attempt to ensure that the new television show is popular among both teenagers and older adults.
(B) We should stream reruns of the new television show over the internet only if doing so will not reduce its popularity with teenagers.
(C) We should stream reruns of the new television show over the internet only if doing so will not reduce its popularity with older adults.
(D) If the new television show is unpopular among teenagers, then we should stream reruns of the show over the internet.
(E) If the new television show is unpopular among teenagers, then we should sell reruns of the show into syndication.
Symbolized where new television show = tv, popular = pop., teenagers = t, and older adults = oa, the statements are as follows:
Choice E: Per (3.i), if the television show is unpopular with teenagers, then it will be popular with older adults. With (2.i), this means reruns of the show should be sold into syndication. Choice E is correct.
Choice A: The statements say that the show is sure to be popular with at least one of the two groups, but there is no evidence that it should be popular with both groups.
Choices B & C: Irrelevant. The statements don’t discuss reduced popularity, just popularity or a lack thereof.
Choice D: Opposite. Per (3.ii), if the policy is unpopular with teenagers, then it will be popular with older adults. Per (1.i), reruns of the tv show should, in this case, be sold into syndication, which contradicts the choice.